Teenage Drug Rehab
Drug Rehabilitation, or drug rehab, is defined in the Encyclopedia as: an umbrella term for the process of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so-called street drugs such as cocaine, heroin, or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused, especially by extreme abuse.”
Most drug rehab programs take two basic approaches to helping people with their dependency of drugs. They are physical and psychological. The physical aspect of drug rehab deals with the detoxification of the body. This is in an effort to help the body cope with the symptoms of withdrawal that accompany the cessation of drug use. The psychological side of drug rehab delves into the day to day life of drug users. This part of the program stresses that lifestyle changes need to take place.
Much of that change deals with the friends and other social relationships the person may have. It is essential that they surround themselves with people who aren’t users and instead are surrounded by people who care about them and are supportive in their efforts to change their lives.
Drug Rehab and Treatments
There are a wide range of treatments available, but the most common include:
Pharmacotherapies: There are certain medicines that are used to combat addictions and dependency to opioids such as heroin. They are methadone as well as more recent buprenorphine. These drugs are used to stabilize the abnormal opioid system for long durations of time.
Criminal Justice System: Another type of treatment involves the criminal justice system. Many times persons that are convicted of minor drug offenses are sentenced to drug rehabilitation instead of prison. Also, those convicted of driving under the influence are sentenced to mandatory attendance to Alcoholic’s Anonymous.
Traditional Addiction Treatment: This is primarily based on counseling. Recent studies have shown, however, that there is often a chemical imbalance and counseling alone is less effective.
Drug Rehab and Relapse Prevention
A major part of drug rehab is relapse prevention. An influential therapy model was created by Alan Marlatt. Marlatt describes four psychosocial processes relevant to the addiction and relapse processes: self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, attributions of causality, and decision-making processes. Self-efficacy refers to one’s ability to deal competently and effectively with high-risk, relapse-provoking situations. Outcome expectancies refer to an individual’s expectations about the psychoactive effects of an addictive substance.
Attributions of causality refer to an individual’s pattern of beliefs relapse to drug use is a result of internal transient causes. Finally, decision-making processes are implicated in the relapse process as well. Substance use is the result of multiple decisions whose collective effects result in consumption of the intoxicant. Marlatt stresses some decisions-referred to as apparently irrelevant decisions-may seem inconsequential to relapse, but may actually have downstream implications that place the user in a high-risk situation.
Drug rehab is evolving more and more every day, and programs and tools are available to those who want to succeed